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国际护士节溯源

文章来源:国际护士节溯源 | 更新日期:2014-05-19
International Nurses Day
国际护士节溯源

International Nurses Day (IND) is celebrated around the world on 12 May of each year, to mark the contributions nurses make to society.
每年5月12日是国际护士节,设立并庆祝护士节是为了表彰护士对社会作出的贡献。

The International Council of Nurses (ICN) has celebrated this day since 1965.
国际护理协会自1965年起就开始庆祝护士节。

In 1953 Dorothy Sutherland, an official with the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, proposed that President Dwight D. Eisenhower proclaim a "Nurses’ Day"; he did not approve it.
1953年萨瑟兰郡一名美国卫生教育和福利部的官员Dorothy向时任总统德怀特-艾森豪威尔提议设立“护士节”,但没得到总统批准。
[句子结构分析] 这条句子逗号比较多,但并不难于分清结构。第一逗是用于隔开同位语,第二个逗号是用于隔开并列的成分。这里的并列成分是 health, education, 和welfare 三个名词。第三个逗号是为了帮助读者理清句子而设的,这个逗号可有可无,但有了这个逗号,句子结构就比较清晰。proposed 无疑是这条句子的谓语,因为之前没有动词的出现。propose 后是一条宾语从句,其谓语则是proclaim。

In January 1974, 12 May was chosen to celebrate the day as it is the anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale, who is widely considered the founder of modern nursing.
1974年1月,5月12日作为享有盛誉的现代护理先驱弗洛伦斯-南丁格尔的诞生纪念日被选立为护士节。
[句子结构分析] chosen 为谓语,使用过去时,被动语态。as 为连词表原因,引导原因状语从句。

Each year, ICN prepares and distributes the International Nurses’ Day Kit. The kit contains educational and public information materials, for use by nurses everywhere.
每年国际护理协会都会筹备和派发国际护士节套装。此套装内含教育和公共信息材料以备护士不时之需。

National Nurses Day, also known as National RN Recognition Day, is always celebrated on May 6th and opens National Nurses Week. National Nurses Week begins each year on May 6th and ends on May 12th, the birth date of Florence Nightingale.
护士节也以国家注册护士表彰日闻名,常常以护士周的形式在5月6日举行庆祝活动。全国护士周从每年的5月6日起举行至5月12日止,5月12日正是弗洛伦斯-南丁格尔的诞辰。

Activities during National Nurses Week typically include banquets and recognition dinners, state and city proclamations, continuing education seminars, and other community events.

在全国护士周举办的最具代表性的庆祝活动有如宴宾酒会、表彰晚宴,州市公告,继续教育研讨会以及其他社区活动。

National Student Nurses Day is celebrated each year on May 8th. At the request of the National Student Nurses Association, the ANA Board of Directors designated May 8th as National Student Nurses Day beginning in 1998. And as of 2003, the ANA has declared that National School Nurse Day is celebrated on the Wednesday within National Nurses Week.
全国护士生节每年5月8日举行庆祝活动。应国家护士生协会的要求,美国护士协会理事会指定5月8日为全国护士生节,自1998年开始庆祝。后来美国护士协会宣布自2003年起,每年护士周的周三为国家护士生节。

ICN themes for International Nurses Day:
历年国际护士理事会护士节主题
1988: Safe Motherhood 母亲安全
1989: School Health 校园健康
1990: Nurses and Environment 护士与环境
1991: Mental Health, Nurses in Action 心理健康, 护士在行动
1992: Healthy Aging 健康老龄化
1993: Quality, costs and Nursing
1994: Healthy Families for Healthy Nation 国家健康家庭计划
1995: Women’s Health: Nurses Pave the Way 女性健康:护士为你铺路
1996: Better Health through Nursing Research 护理科研带来更好的健康
1997: Healthy Young People A Brighter Future 健康青年 光明未来
1998: Partnership for Community Health 公共卫生合作
1999: Celebrating Nursing’s Past, claiming the future 欢庆过去,呼唤未来
2000: Nurses, Always there for you 无论何时何地, 护士永远为你服务
2001: Nurses, Always There for You: United Against Violence 无论何时何地,护士永远为你服务:联合反对暴力
2002: Nurses Always There for You: Caring for Families 无论何时何地, 护士永远为你服务:关爱家庭
2003: Nurses: Fighting AIDS stigma, working for all 护士:反对歧视AIDS 关爱全人类
2004: Nurses: Working with the Poor; Against Poverty 护士:携手战胜贫困
2005: Nurses for Patients’ Safety: Targeting counterfeit medicines and substandard medication 为了病人安全,抵制伪劣药品
2006: Safe staffing saves lives 护士的合理配置对拯救生命至关重要
2007: Positive practice environments: Quality workplaces, quality patient care 营造优良执业环境 提供优质护理服务
2008: Delivering Quality, Serving Communities, Nurses Leading Primary Health Care 提高社区护理品质,引领初级卫生保健。
2009: Delivering Quality, Serving Communities, Nurses Leading Care Innovations 提供高品质的产品,服务社区:护士创新领导关怀
2010: Delivering Quality, Serving Communities: Nurses Leading Chronic Care 优质护理,服务社区:护士引领长期护理
2011: Closing The Gap: Increasing Access and Equity 缩小差距:增加收入和公平
2012: Closing The Gap: From Evidence to Action 缩小差距:从理论到实践
2013: Closing The Gap: Millennium Development Goals 缩小差距:千年发展目标
2014: Nurses: A Force for Change; A vital resource for health 护士:变革的力量; 重要的健康资源

以上句子分析仅供参考,更详细的分析可使用英语语法分析软件进行分析。

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